Not Suicide, Not Murder - Death under Duress

Tuesday, 20 March 2018

A Fourth Visit to the Dentist

I said in the Chapter - “A Visit to the Dentist” – that –

The matter of David Kelly’s Dental Record is by far and away the
darkest, most sinister and evil event in this whole affair.

On Sunday evening – 20th July - David Kelly’s dentist telephoned Thames Valley Police (TVP) to report the loss – and recovery – of David Kelly’s dental record.

I have detailed this in Chapter 3 - “A Visit to the Dentist”.

The bottom line of this matter is that nothing had been lost and no obvious crime had been committed.

All in all something of a non-event.

A non-event, but for the fact that the name – “Dr David Kelly” – was given in the telephone call to TVP.


The key facts of the matter are not in doubt. TVP has released two accounts of the event; one at the end of the Hutton Inquiry and one in 2011. Links to these are detailed at the end of this Chapter.

My Account

I was able to gain access to, and the confidence of, the senior staff at the Ock Street Clinic – as it was in 2003. I have spent about five hours talking with them.

Entrance to Ock Street Dental Clinic

This is the first time they had revealed this information to a third party. They seemed very relieved to find someone empathetic to discuss it with.

I have no doubt that my account here is a true and accurate account of events.

Needless to say, the actual events are only vaguely related to TVP’s statements.

I should add that Dr Bozena Kanas, who was David Kelly’s dentist, has never conceded this fact because of some NHS rules on patient confidentiality.

Key Issues

  • Why was David Kelly’s dental record stolen and then returned?
  • What happened after David Kelly’s dentist reported the matter to TVP?

Why was David Kelly’s dental record stolen and then returned?

The managers and civil servants, in whose care David Kelly died, wanted to cover up the true events.

They discussed all possible options with Command & Control (C&C).

One option was to destroy David Kelly’s body by some means: acids, alkalis enzymes, fire etc. The teeth are the most difficult to destroy and can be used to identify a body, providing the dental record is available.

Therefore C&C issued a command to steal David Kelly’s dental record from the Ock Street Clinic. I have described these events in Chapter 14 - “A Second and Third Visit to the Dentist”.

This was a truly horrendous crime plan – a satanic scheme.

However, as events evolved on the night, this plan - one of many - was put aside. It followed that the dental record had to be returned. This was done as described in Chapter 14.

C&C were confident that the brief loss of the record would not be noted; the Clinic probably had 10,000 or more records.

But – they were wrong!

I can only imagine that when they learned that their theft had been discovered they would have gone into a meltdown.

In the situation they had three options.

1. The first was to do nothing. Ignore it, don’t give the story any credence.

2. The second was to appear to treat it as a trivial matter. Just send a policeman along to take a few notes.

These were OK – but neither of these options could prevent the Clinic staff talking about the events.

They would have to apply a bigger, more dramatic response to ensure the Clinic staff remained silent.

3. Thus the events described below occurred.

What happened after David Kelly’s dentist reported the matter to TVP?

Three “Men in Black” - Police Officers
arrived from London

The response was extraordinary.

On the Monday morning (21st July) “Men in Black” arrived, from London, at the surgery – three in all!

They quickly introduced themselves, as plain clothed Police Officers from London but were reluctant to enlarge upon that – the staff didn’t remember names, rank or division – even if they had been given. One of the partners thought that they were led by an officer of Chief Superintendent or higher.

These officers have a deft skill of introducing themselves in such a way that you soon realise you can’t recall them afterwards.

They had arrived in response to Dr Bozena Kanas’s telephone call of the previous evening.

Then they took the busy dental practice over. Somehow dental work continued while they did their work.

All the staff were interviewed and had fingerprints and DNA samples taken. Whether they readily consented to this is not clear.

Two of the staff had just gone on holiday to Majorca. Without hesitation two police officers were flown out to the island to similarly interview them. The urgency to do this must have been to ensure their silence.

One of the dentists, Robert Farrant, described the scene on the day as unbelievably surreal. It had a profound effect upon him – in respect of his regard for civil liberties and the government.

Another dentist – John Ansell – said that when TVP’s Michael Page had announced the details of the missing dental record at the end of the Hutton Inquiry – September 2003 - all the dentists in the region were bombarded – like a “blitzkrieg” – in an effort to identify the dentist concerned.

Silence, Silence, Silence

One of the obvious objectives of this visit was to impress upon the Clinic staff the importance of total secrecy.

C&C didn’t want any hint of their horrendous plan to reach the public.

This worked - there has been a complete silence about this matter by the practice staff. One can only assume that the officers “advised” – by some strong arm means or another - the staff to keep this matter secret – and they did.

Clearly the three Men in Black had done a good job.

The silence has been total.

Then a Mrs Jayne Venables identified the practice in 2011.

Mrs Venables was writing a play about David Kelly’s death. She wanted to clarify the “dental matter”; she telephoned many of the dental practices in the area – leaving a message explaining her want. Late on a Sunday evening she got a very guarded call from the Ock Street Clinic. From the concern they expressed about her interest she realised that they had revealed themselves as David Kelly’s dentist.

Sometime later I gained the confidence of the Clinic staff.

Thus C&C’s secret is now out.

Ock Street Clinic Timeline

The timeline of events at this dental surgery in the quiet market town of Abingdon is quite extraordinary.

Events began on the night of Thursday 17th July – before David Kelly’s body had been “found”.

Thursday night - Dental Team burglary to steal David Kelly’s record.

Friday/Saturday night - Dental Team burglary to return David Kelly’s record.

Sunday evening - Dr Kanas reports the loss/recovery of David Kelly’s record to TVP.

Sunday evening/night - C&C presumed to have gone into a meltdown.

Monday morning - “Men in Black” – Police Officers arrive from London – to turn the surgery upside down. They ensure that every staff member is “sworn to secrecy”.

Tuesday morning - two “Men in Black” fly to Majorca to “interview” two surgery staff on holiday.

I have no doubt that the objective of these dramatic “staff interviews” was to ensure their silence.

The Importance of The Dental Record issue

To repeat what I said at the start of this Chapter -

The matter of David Kelly’s Dental Record is by far and away the
darkest, most sinister and evil event in this whole affair.

C&C had to ensure that this matter did not get into the Public Domain.

My First Impressions

When I began to look into the cause of David Kelly’s death I was faced with a myriad of issues or items; many were quite bizarre.

I realised that I had to focus on the events directly related to the cause of David Kelly’s death. Other issues, of which there were many, were not for me.

Nevertheless, I was faced with a pile of jigsaw pieces – some began to fit, others didn’t.

I saw the matter of David Kelly’s dental record as a bizarre piece – potentially very important – with flashing red lights on it! But - almost impossible to find a home for it. No-one seems to have tried to make any detailed study of this matter.

Eventually the evidence I got from the dental practice was so good that my jigsaw had to fit the “dental record” – and this it did.

The overall “fit” of the jigsaw pieces confirmed to me the accuracy and integrity of the rest of my picture of David Kelly’s death.

My Last Impressions

  • The revelation of the Dental Record puzzle confirms for me that my general theory of how David Kelly died is accurate.
  • There may be the odd glitch – but the principle is true.
  • The issue of the Dental Record is evidence of how C&C (The Government/Establishment) is prepared to use the most sinister of methods to cover up its errors.

TVP statements on the Dental Record

To TVP Officer Page at Hutton -

see paragraph 202.

To Attorney General Office’s (AGO’s) note on dentist –

see “TVP – 6”, part of a complex legal application to the Attorney General’s Office in 2011.

Dr David Kelly

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Monday, 19 March 2018

A Second - and Third Visit to the Dentist

We know many facts about the Dental Records issue – from two TVP sources – but the identity of the practice was not given. The silence about this was complete – for eight years.

The practice was found by Mrs Jayne Venables in 2011. This arose from her investigations in preparation for writing a play about David Kelly’s death.

I have spent much time talking to the senior practice staff – but Dr Bozena Kanas will not admit that David Kelly was her patient – for the legal reasons of NHS rules.

I am very grateful to all the senior staff of the practice – as it was in 2003 – for their great help.

Below is my best guess at the events concerning the movement of the dental record. It is speculative in detail – but based on an underlying truth – and the documented operational style of these officers. TVP have given details of the events on two occasions – links to these are given at the end of the chapter.

A Burglary 

Control & Command (C&C) pulled together a team of two experts in “building penetration and recovery” – generally known as burglars. They had many other skills – not required this night.

They were on their way West from London even before they knew their destination. They were aware that some massive “flap” was on and just did as they were told.

Soon they received their exact destination – the Ock Street Clinic, 45 Ock Street, Abingdon, OX14 5AG. This was the very early morning of 18 July 2003 – before David Kelly’s body had been “found”.

They arrived at about 03:30 am and parked their car a short way away from the address. The passenger got out and strolled down the pavement, across the road from the Clinic – looking for evidence of burglar alarms etc. There didn’t seem to be any security systems.

He then crossed the road and walked back past it – looking at the front door to see what sort of locks it had. There was one - of a type that was easy to open.

Then he was in luck because he could walk into a lane entrance – into Fitchett Yard. This took him to the back of the Clinic.

Ock Street Clinic in the evening. The practice
extends from the single story building
into house on the right – and beyond the central

Here was just a simple garden fence, about 5 feet tall, around the back of the Clinic. He looked around for signs of life or CCTV cameras. It looked quite safe – he legged it over the fence and hit the ground.

After a couple of minutes he got up and explored the rough ground at the back
and sides of the Clinic. On the East Side he was completely hidden from view. Here was a door and window.

He opened his tool kit and tried to open the window – but, although it was quite old, he couldn’t open it without risk breaking the glass. He looked at the door. This had a simple mortise lock and after a couple of minutes he had it open. Very gently he pushed the door open with his gloved hands - wow – no alarms went off.

Then he found his way to the front door and unlocked it from the inside. He then spoke to his colleague – outside in their car – via a radio link.

By then there was now some debate in C&C if it was necessary to get David Kelly’s dental records. Events were moving very quickly and it was difficult to keep track of parallel plans.

Plan of Dental Clinic in red; hatched area
is rough ground at rear.

The Dental Team said that they had already entered the building and were ready to recover the dental records. After a short while the Dental Team was told to complete their task. C&C thought that this would be one amongst 10,000 or so records and would be unlikely to be noticed.

The Clinic was a bit of a rabbit warren with Dr Kanas’s surgery at the farthest end of the building. Here was her filing cabinet and David Kelly’s record – easily found and taken.

The Dental Team locked the Clinic and left Abingdon.

They didn’t realise that they would make a return visit in 24 hours. Even by their standards this was a very unusual exercise.

C&C had soon decided that the option of destroying David Kelly’s body was off their menu. Thus the dental records would be returned the following night.

A Second Burglary 

Thus the Dental Team came back to Town on the Saturday evening – the 19th July.

The dental records had been copied back at base but returned to their transit pack.

The Dental Team drove back to Abingdon and repeated their work of 48 hours before. This time, a Saturday night - the town was a bit busier than it had been on the Thursday. They left it a bit later before repeating their entry and put the records back in Dr Kanas’s filing cabinet. As before getting into the Clinic and returning the records was easy. The Dental Team left the Clinic as they found it and returned to base.

C&C breathed a sigh of relief. This part of their plan was by far and away the most sinister and evil part of the plans they made that night.

They knew that this must never come to light.

This exercise was a long shot done successfully by great experts under great time pressure.

C&C were now quite relaxed about the matter of the dental records. It was now history and the matter was closed.

But - the matter wasn’t closed

As explained in Chapter 3 “A Visit to the Dentist” David Kelly’s dentist – Dr Bozena Kanas – was very alert.

She quickly recognised the loss of David Kelly’s dental record – a little after midday on 18th July.

Extreme efforts were used to confirm the loss of the records. Two days later, Dr Kanas, looked yet again for David Kelly dental record – and found it filed where it should be.

As I have explained Dr Kanas reported the loss of and return of the records to TVP. This was late on the evening of Sunday 20th July.

A rather bizarre crime report in that, eventually, nothing had been lost.

Seemingly - no crime had been committed.

Dr Kanas had no idea what the response of TVP might be. Possibly nothing at all, or possibly a visit by a local Abingdon PC to tick-box a routine report.

But she was relieved that this mystery was behind her. But – it wasn’t - it was to be an issue for many years thereafter.

I am publishing the full account of this some 15 years after the event.

A Surreal scenario 

On Monday 31st July the Ock Street Clinic, 45 Ock Street in Abingdon started life as usual.

At the end of the day Dr Robert Farrant, a senior partner, described the subsequent events as unbelievably surreal.

This to be explained in Chapter 15.

Dr David Kelly

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Friday, 16 March 2018

The Death of David Kelly

I have already described the circumstances of David Kelly’s death in Chapter 7 – “A Short Walk, a Drive and a Meeting”.

Here I will detail how I believe he died.


The only natural pathology in David Kelly’s body was in his coronary arteries.

It is usual, and obvious, that if one severe pathology only is found in a body – then this is assumed to be the cause of death. It would be absurd to attribute a cause of death to kidney failure when the kidneys are perfectly healthy.

David Kelly’s coronary arteries were in an appalling condition.

I am ignoring the “scratchings” on his left wrist and the toxicology results.

Heart – this was the only organ to show any natural pathology. Cutting through the coronary artery’s showed severe and extensive arterial disease.

The coronary arteries arise from the base of the aorta and spread out, like the roots of a tree, to carry blood to the muscle of the heart. There are two main coronary arteries – Right and Left – supplying the two ventricles of the heart.

Right Coronary Artery

  • almost 100% blockage

Left Coronary Artery

  • the left anterior descending artery – 70% blockage with an old complete blockage, now cleared, further on
  • the circumflex artery – 65% blockage

David Kelly’s coronary arteries had very severe disease.

It would be typical of a person who smoked or who had a very adverse lifestyle or diet; or possibly, an illness not revealed by a post mortem.

A Heart Attack - I

In lay terms David Kelly had a “heart attack” – of which there are two types.

Blood clot

A blood clot (or thrombus) that builds up on a broken plaque of atheroma causes the classic heart attack.

The body reacts to the break in the lining of the artery, over the plaque, by trying to “seal” the break – just as though you had a cut (see figure). A clot builds up on the fractured surface. Now life hangs in a balance.

If the clotting forces are strong the clot will get bigger and block the artery – a very bad outcome – possibly fatal.

If the clot dissolving forces are strong the clot will get smaller – a very good outcome. Various drugs – classically aspirin - help this dissolving process.

However - there was no sign of any blood clot in David Kelly’s coronary arteries.

There was evidence of an earlier blockage in one of the distal arteries that had later opened again.

Thus he didn’t die from a heart attack caused by a blood colt.

A Heart Attack - II

Another form of heart attack happens when the normal beating of the heart is disrupted.

If David Kelly had become very stressed during his meeting with his Managers & Civil Servants (M&CS) his blood pressure would have risen. Also his heart rate would have gone up – and the workload on his heart would have shot up. If he had drunk lots of coffee that could have made it worse.

Normal ECG – 64 beats/min

The increased workload on his heart would have meant that his heart needed lots of fresh oxygenated blood – but his coronary arteries couldn’t supply this.
He would have developed a very fast and abnormal heart beat – medically a tachy-dysrhythmia (a fast–abnormal rhythm).

ECG - a fast–abnormal rhythm

His heart muscle would have run short of fresh blood and he may have had severe chest pain – angina. Strangely, especially, in older people the symptoms of a heart attack can be very mild or misleading.

At the same time his heart, starved of fresh blood, would fail to pump blood as it should. Slowly blood would have backed up in his lungs. Then his lungs could no longer contain the blood and he would have started to cough up blood stained fluid. This would likely have appeared at his mouth as a pink froth.

By now, however, some help was to hand and he had an oxygen mask put over his face. This would have eased his breathlessness but he would have carried on coughing up blood stained froth.

This, I am sure, was the source of the brown stains on his face.

Brown stains on face

The oxygen mask would have been held in place by an elastic strap that ran around his neck.

This fits precisely the description by the paramedic Vanessa Hunt. She wondered if he had something tied around his neck.

Her paramedic partner, David Bartlett, laid great emphasis on the very strange brown marks. He mentioned this to Lord Hutton – but it was quickly ignored. He stressed to me that they were roughly similar on the right and left side of the face. He said that it didn’t look like vomit. And vomit would have run out of one side or other – but not both.

Oxygen mask strapped on David Kelly’s face

I believe that the pink froth coughed up would collect on the inside of the mask. It would gradually run down to the lowest part of the mask – where the elastic strap was. Then the blood-stained fluid would drain out of the mask – down along the line of the elastic strap. As David Kelly had a light beard the fluid would accumulate in his beard – and dry quickly. The died blood froth would turn brown.

Dr Hunt describes this brown staining as “vomitus”; he may have been reluctant to call it what he thought it was – and decided vomitus was his best alternate description. Old dried blood will turn brown and may look like vomit. He describes the brown material, just as Vanessa Hunt did, with the added detail –

“There was a band of what appeared to be vomitus running from the right corner of the mouth slightly upwards over the right earlobe tip and then on to the mastoid area. This appeared to have relatively uniform and parallel sides.”

The description of the brown stain having “relatively uniform and parallel sides” is a very clear description of fluid having drained along the length of an elastic strap of an oxygen mask.

If this had happened in a hospital environment then his nurses would have changed his mask for a new one and cleaned his face and beard.

If left unattended these bloodstains on his face/beard would darken and turn brown. This is exactly what the paramedics described and Dr Hunt describes.

Dr Hunt’s description is so exact that I don’t think that there could have been any doubt in his mind that he was describing an artefact created by the strap of an oxygen mask.

Laboratory testing

At Harrowdown Hill, and at the mortuary, many swabs were taken of David Kelly’s body.

Typically a swab is like a long cotton bud. The cotton head is rubbed against the area to be sampled and in so doing it collects liquid or debris from the sample site.

The brown stains on the face were sampled several times.

In the field they were sampled –

  • AMH 20 – sample from Right side of neck x2

In the mortuary Dr Hunt sampled them as –

  • NCH 03 – sample from mouth
  • NCH 35 – sample from Right side of face
  • NCH 36 – sample from Right cheek

All of these samples were tested by James Green, the forensic biologist, of Forensic Alliance Limited. This company performed virtually all the forensic work in this investigation. The tests on the samples were all positive as bloodstains. They also confirmed this as David Kelly’s blood.

The brown stains were of dried blood and not “vomitus” as labelled by Dr Hunt.

I therefore believe that David Kelly was wearing an oxygen mask prior to his death. Additionally that he was coughing up blood stained froth typical of that found in sudden heart failure.

The observations of Vanessa Hunt, David Bartlett and Dr Hunt all support this interpretation.


As David Kelly’s heart began to fail the heart muscle would have eventually run out of oxygen and the heart-beat would have broken down. Then lots of separate parts of the heart muscle would beat individually and the heart would cease to pump blood.

Fatal ventricular fibrillation

Death would follow in a few minutes.

This breakdown of the normal beating of the heart is called ventricular fibrillation (VF).

Defibrillation of David Kelly’s heart

The only practicable treatment, outside of a hospital, is a big electrical shock to the heart. This will stop the heart dead in its track – and with luck it will restart with a normal, or near normal, beat.

The electrical shock can be applied to the heart by an electrical defibrillator.

For some years these have now been made as portable, battery operated, automatic devices – Automatic External Defibrillators (AEDs).

I believe that David Kelly’s heart deteriorated and went into VF.

Wherever David Kelly was - an AED was available.

Two big sticky AED electrodes were put on his chest and defibrillation attempted. The process starts with a low power discharge. After a pause of a few seconds the defibrillation would be repeated at a higher power – until it succeeds, or fails.

Defibrillator Electrodes

The paramedic – David Bartlett – insisted that David Kelly had been taken to a hospital in or near London – not Oxford. This very positive information had come to him via the paramedic grapevine.

I reassured him that David Kelly’s body had been taken from Harrowdown Hill to the John Radcliffe Hospital. I have photographs of the hearse carrying his body away.

Then I had a very clear account from a Hospital Consultant (I will call him Dr H P) that David Kelly was brought into the Accident & Emergency unit of the Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, Berkshire on the night of the 17/18th July 2003.

Suddenly David Bartlett’s account made sense.

Both David Bartlett and Dr H P’s account describe a scenario where David Kelly’s body was taken to a hospital – before it ever ended up on Harrowdown Hill.

This fits perfectly with the findings of the two very expert helicopter searches; namely that there was no body on Harrowdown Hill when they searched the area – ending at 04:15.

The account given by Dr H P is that when David Kelly arrived in the hospital his shirt was unbuttoned – to apply ECG electrodes. But – the nurses saw two electrodes already on his chest! They pulled them off quickly and put on four sticky standard ECG electrodes. The ECG machine showed a flat-line – a dead heart. A few more quick clinical tests confirmed that David Kelly was dead.

As proposed in Chapter 7 his body was removed on the basis of National Security.

I believe that the two electrodes on his chest were automatic external defibrillator (AED) electrodes. These are quite big, compared to ECG electrodes. Hospital nurses, in 2003, may not have been familiar with these electrodes. At that time hand-held metal paddles were the norm in most hospitals.

As I described in Chapter 12 – “Two Pathologists” – Dr Hunt noted “a small group of post mortem “abrasions”. This observation by Dr Hunt is completely consistent with the prior use of a pair of self-adhesive defibrillator electrodes.

Microscope view of Lung

A sample of lung was prepared and stained in the usual manner so that it could be examined with a microscope.

The lungs, and other organs, act as a storage organs for blood. If the blood volume increases the lungs can accommodate a lot of blood. Likewise, if the body loses a lot of blood the lungs can empty themselves of blood.

Normally the lung contains about 400mls of blood.

In a person who had died from blood loss (as Dr Hunt alleges), it would be expected that the lungs would lose a lot of this 400mls of blood.

Under a microscope the lung tissue would still be visible – but it would “dry” – depleted of the usual content of blood.

Dr Hunt’s description of the microscopic view of the lung doesn’t fit this scenario.

He says –

“The lungs show small areas of collapse and minimal focal oedema (fluid collection).”

This is clearly not the description of “dry” lung – but that of a “wet” lung.

This is not consistent with death from blood loss; it is consistent with death from sudden heart failure.


I believe that David Kelly was subject to excessive psychological stress during his meeting. Excessive – given that, unknown to all concerned, he had very severe heart disease.

This produced sudden oxygen shortage in his heart muscle. In turn lead to sudden heart failure and eventually fatal ventricular fibrillation. I think these events would have taken some time – possibly an hour or more.

In this time he was given oxygen via a standard oxygen mask and unsuccessful external automatic defibrillation.

Key points

  • Vanessa Hunt describes brown facial marks – as though he’d been gagged.
  • David Bartlett also emphatically describes the same marks – ignored by Lord Hutton.
  • Dr Hunt describes linear, parallel facial marks – but calls it “vomitus”.
  • Laboratory testing, however, confirms these marks as blood stains.
  • David Kelly has very severe heart disease.
  • David Bartlett says that David Kelly’s body was not taken to the John Radcliffe Hospital but one in or near London.
  • I have an account from a Hospital Consultant that David Kelly was taken to The Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading. When he arrived there were two large electrodes on his chest. Subsequent examination confirmed that he was dead.
  • Dr Hunt describes post mortem abrasions on his chest – quite consistent with the use and removal of defibrillator electrodes.
  • Dr Hunt’s description of David Kelly’s lung sample under the microscope is not consistent with blood loss – but is consistent with sudden heart failure.

Dr David Kelly

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Wednesday, 13 December 2017

Two Pathologists

A Dinner at an Oxford College

Late in the evening a dinner at an Oxford College was almost over. Food had been eaten, wine had been drunk and now the port was being passed around.

A guest at the dinner began to chat to his neighbour on the top table; the neighbour was a Member of the college. The Member, rather by chance, told me of this incident in 2012, seven years after it happened – in 2005.

The guest said that he was a forensic pathologist from out of town – by over a 100 miles. In the course of their conversation the name “Longworth” arose and to the surprise of the Member the pathologist knew of it.

He explained that he had been called there to attend to Dr David Kelly’s body on the hill. He arrived very quickly as he was in the area. He had examined the body briefly and then reported his initial opinion upwards – to either the Coroners Office or the Home Office.

His view was that he had no idea what the cause of death was. It wasn’t blood loss and the wrist wounds were not self inflicted!

I am not sure who received this news but after a brief interval the pathologist was relieved of his duties as far as Dr Kelly was concerned. He may well have been advised to keep these views to himself.

Forensic pathologists are not usually salaried but get paid a fee for the work they do. If work is not referred to them – then they have no income.

I will call the pathologist “Dr L T” or the “First Pathologist” – and he was removed from the Dr David Kelly case.

However, while attending David Kelly’s body I believe he met another doctor – Dr Kelly’s GP. Dr L T admonished Dr Warner and the police officer for moving David Kelly’s body – but understood the GP’s well-intentioned motives. He no doubt told Dr Warner of his thoughts on David Kelly’s death.

Dr Warner

It was perfectly reasonable for Dr Warner to take the sight of a dead patient with slashed wrists as a reasonably obvious suicide.

But with the expert comments from Dr L T he was now aware that things were not as they appeared to be.

When, a few days later, another pathologist – a Dr Hunt – declared a totally different opinion, Dr Warner realised that there were unseen forces at work.

Dr Warner didn’t like the apparently emerging cover-up and decided he was going to keep it at arm’s length.

Dr Hunt gave the time of death as 8:45 pm +/- 4:30. Dr Warner recalled that David Kelly’s body had no signs of rigor mortis when he moved it. Had there been well developed rigor mortis, then David Kelly’s body would have remained sitting up – a ghoulish sight. Nor was there rigor mortis in his right hand when he tried to feel for a pulse.

Dr Warner had dealt with many recently deceased patients and knew that the time of death given by Dr Hunt couldn’t be true. If there was no obvious rigor mortis at about 09:00 on that morning – then he guessed David Kelly could have died about 6 hours earlier – say 03:00. This is outside the range given by Dr Hunt.

When the Hutton Inquiry evolved Dr Warner decided that he wouldn’t get involved as he was far from clear what had been going on and didn’t want to be party to any deception.

However, there are many ways, fair and foul, in which he could be persuaded to attend. It was almost essential that the deceased’s GP attend. I think that he agreed to attend but with an agreed scripted series of questions and answers.

Thus we have Dr Warner’s bizarre appearance at the HI.

Dr L T

I am fairly certain that I know who the “First Pathologist” is. I have studied much of his prior work in many ways he “fits” the role. I have met him and discussed the matter but he will not admit to having been involved. In fact he went to considerable trouble to explain how it couldn’t have been him and must have been Dr Hunt; I thought - “he doth protest too much?” – and that rather confirmed my opinion.

in remaining silent upon the matter of David Kelly’s death, he is carrying a significant moral, ethical and professional burden. In short he is not admitting to having had any role in David Kelly’s death.

In these circumstances what we need is a Court of Law – such as a Coroner’s Court - with powers of formal summons followed by questioning under oath. This is precisely what the Hutton Inquiry was not.

Dr L T’s Visit

Dr L T was a member of Forensic Pathology Services (FPS). This was a partnership of a dozen Forensic Pathologists that provided an extensive Forensic Pathology services in the south-east of England.

The offices of FPS are on the Culham Science Park, Abingdon – about 12 miles from Harrowdown Hill.

I can only imagine that Dr L T was at his FPS office early on the morning of the 18th July 2003. It was here that he probably received the call to go to Harrowdown Hill to attend to the body found there.

There is a detail in his account given at the Oxford College dinner – and that is he knew where “Appleton” was. Appleton is a small village 4 miles east of Longworth.

It seems probable that Dr L T was advised to take a road route to Longworth that included Appleton.

Such a route is shown on the map above. It is a journey of 15 miles – about 25 minutes.

The “First Pathologist” – what next?

The First Pathologist’s reaction to C&C’s attempt to make David Kelly’s death look like suicide was a complete failure.

This was a catastrophic outcome. Matters were going from bad to unbelievably disastrous.

C&C had to fix this matter ASAP - and by any means whatsoever.

While this was happening Lord Charles Falconer was talking to Prime Minister Tony Blair (in flight to Tokyo). Falconer was also recruiting the retired Lord Brian Hutton to lead an Inquiry into the death of Dr David Kelly – whose body had yet to be identified.

The “Second Pathologist”

C&C had to find another Forensic Pathologist ASAP. As I’ve explained Forensic Pathologists are usually paid a fee per post mortem performed; they are not salaried.

Therefore, if a Forensic Pathologist doesn’t get referred post mortems, he has no income.

If a newly qualified Forensic Pathologist, with a family and a mortgage, is threatened with penury he may well comply with unreasonable requests.

C&C promptly ordered that Dr Nicholas Hunt be ordered to go to Longworth.

Dr Nicholas Hunt

Dr Nicholas Charles Alexander Hunt was a doctor whose name had just been added to the list of Home Office approved Forensic Pathologists in 2002. He was the youngest, least experienced and least qualified pathologist in the FPS partnership.

When a doctor is appointed to a Consultant or equivalent grade in the UK they must have passed the examinations of the appropriate Royal Colleges. For a pathologist this would be the examinations set by The Royal College of Pathologists.

In addition, they must also have a Certificate of Completion of Higher Training (CCHT). This confirms that the doctor has completed an approved Period of Higher Training in his speciality.

Dr Hunt doesn’t have a CCHT and is listed by the General Medical Council as having no Specialist Training; as far as they are concerned he is not a GP and not a Specialist.

About a year after Dr Hunt’s appearance on the Home Office List the need for a CCHT was mandated.

Friday 18th July

On the day Dr Kelly’s body was found Dr Hunt was “off-duty” having committed to work on case reviews at the National Crime Faculty in Bramshill, Hampshire. This was a fairly regular process of getting together various team members to discuss aspects of either current or “cold” cases. It was likely that this was a whole day’s commitment.

But – at about 10:30 Dr Hunt’s telephone rang – if only he’d switched it off! He had a call from the Home Office that left him in no doubt that, whatever he was doing, he had to drop it and get to Longworth as fast as he could.

He was probably told sometime that these instructions came from the Home Office – possibly Lord Falconer - and as a matter of national security he had to follow instructions to the letter. He was reminded that he had signed the very onerous Official Secrets Act 1989.

He was also told to discuss his findings with C&C and take C&C’s advice on how these should be represented.

Dr Hunt duly left the meeting at Bramshill in Hampshire. He made his way to an unfamiliar part of Oxfordshire – Longworth – a distance of about 50 miles. He arrived at the police cordon at 12:00. That is why it took over three hours for a forensic pathologist to arrive following the find of the body at 08:45.

Most of the events at Harrowdown Hill were routine except for the measurement of temperatures.


Temperature measurements are essential in estimating the time of death (TOD) and must be done ASAP.

The air temperature was measured as 20.8˚C.

The core body temperature was measured as rectal temperature and given as 24˚C.

Why was the air temperature to 0.1˚C but the rectal temperature, apparently, to 1˚C? What sort of thermometer did Dr Hunt have – a jam making thermometer?

Sadly the temperature was taken at the very end of the field examination at 19:15. This seriously degraded the value of the method of estimating the TOD.

A valuable core temperature could have been taken when Dr Hunt arrived - a little after 12:00. He could have used a needle type thermistor probe (see picture). This could have been inserted directly through the skin into the liver and got an early, accurate core temperature reading.
Finally, he failed to measure the ground surface temperature beneath David Kelly’s body. This was needed to produce a true corrected ambient temperature; these are the written instructions on Dr Henssge’s nomogram – see below.

Dr Hunt would have used a graphical device (a Henssge nomogram) to estimate the TOD. This needs four measurements –

  • core body temperature (of questionable accuracy)
  • body weight (seriously in error) and
  • ambient temperature (ground temperature not measured) – only air temperature)

Dr Hunt’s estimate of the time of death seems to have been conjured out of thin air – neither I nor others can replicate it.

The Post Mortem

Dr Hunt had arranged, or been told, to perform the post mortem examination of David Kelly’s body on the evening of the 18th July. This was at the mortuary of the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford.

The post mortem began at 9:20pm and finished at 0:15am. This was an exceptional decision – as routine post mortems are done a few hours later – from about 06:00.

The other exceptional feature of the post mortem was the number of observers.

It’s not unusual to have a doctor, who has looked after the deceased, attend a post mortem.

Similarly, a police officer with a special interest in a death of someone might attend a post mortem – both to tell the pathologist what he knew of the deceased – and to see first hand the pathologist’s findings.

Dr Hunt’s post mortem was observed/attended by no less nine police officers. They ranged from DCI Alan Young, in charge of Operation Mason to Sally Hunt from the Coroner’s Office; and this, late in the evening of a Friday night.

Dr Hunt’s post mortem was more than usually invasive and I wouldn’t have been surprised if a number of the gathered witnesses didn’t faint.

But why nine police officers as observers?

My guess is that C&C wanted to let Dr Hunt know that his every move, his every comment (recorded) and finding was going to be observed by a phalanx of police officers. Thus there were nine TVP officers acting as witnesses to the post mortem. There is little doubt that Dr Hunt would have felt both intimidated and distracted by this extraordinary gathering.

In all the circumstances this post mortem must have been an immensely stressful procedure for this young pathologist.

The Post Mortem Report

The findings of the post mortem were fairly routine. It contains many minor errors – probably attributable to stress imposed on Dr Hunt.

There are just five matters I want to mention.

  1. David Kelly’s weight is given as 59kg. We know from his last MOD medical that he weighed 74kg clothed – corresponding to a naked weight of 71kg. This weighing error casts doubt on the weights of body organs. Dr Hunt makes one massive error in recording the weight of the liver as 136g rather than about 1500g. I would put this down to the duress he was working under.
  2. Minor superficial injuries - he seems to have given a very detailed description of body marks – and these are referred to in Chapter 8 “What to do with his body?”
  3. Wrist artefacts - he has given a detailed description of the wrist artefacts – and these are dealt with in Chapter 4 “The Cut Wrist”.
  4. Heart – this was the only organ to show any natural pathology. In most respects the heart appeared normal. But – cutting through the coronary artery’s revealed severe and extensive arterial disease.

    The coronary arteries arise from the base of the aorta and spread out, like the roots of a tree, to carry blood to the muscle of the heart. There are two main coronary arteries – Right and Left – supplying the two ventricles of the heart.

    Right Coronary Artery

    almost 100% blockage

    Left Coronary Artery

    the left anterior descending artery – 70% blockage with an old complete blockage, now cleared, further on

    the circumflex artery – 65% blockage

    This description of David Kelly’s coronary arteries indicates very severe disease.

    It would be typical of a person who smoked or who had a very adverse lifestyle or diet.

    This degree of disease may have caused heart muscle pain on exertion – a pain called angina. Dr Kelly had visited his GP in 1983 saying he thought he might have angina but nothing seemed to have come of the visit.

    What is clear, however, is that David Kelly didn’t die from a blood clot, or thrombus, in his one of his coronary arteries – a common cause of a “heart attack”.

    He died from a different type of heart attack.
  5. Chest wall – he records “a small group of post mortem “abrasions” over the upper chest suggestive of insect activity”.

    Insect lesions are potentially very important in forensic studies. However, the time scale of these changes is usually measured in days and weeks – not in hours.

    In the short time that David Kelly’s body had been in the copse it’s unlikely significant insect activity would have occurred. No more than might a camper encounter overnight.

    If there were such activity it would be probably found on the exposed parts of limbs or on the head and neck.

    I have been told that when David Kelly’s body was taken to The Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading the staff found two adhesive electrodes on his chest. These were not ECG electrodes but defibrillator electrodes. The hospital staff may have been unfamiliar with these devices as metal paddle electrodes were still in routine use in hospitals.

    These defibrillator electrodes are very adhesive – for obvious reasons.

    I believe that when these electrodes were pulled off they left behind two patches of hairless chest and minor fine, red rashes or “abrasions” as Dr Hunt chooses to call them.
Dr David Kelly

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Tuesday, 12 December 2017

David Kelly’s GP – Dr Warner

David Kelly’s GP

The behaviour of David Kelly’s general practitioner (GP) following his death should not have attracted any great attention.

But it did.

I have no doubt that Dr Warner is a totally honest and reliable doctor.

But - I believe that he found himself caught in a complex scenario. He thought his best option was to go into denial.

By so doing he has left a trail of enigmas.

Dr Malcolm Warner’s full name is Malcolm David Warner. He was born in Dorset in 1947; in 1971 he married Christine Hills in Hampstead.

Malcolm Warner qualified MB BS from the Royal London Hospital in 1973; he should have qualified in 1972 – but slipped back a year. After his one year of “house jobs”, he spent some time in children’s medicine.

He moved to Faringdon in 1975 and joined the White Horse Medical Practice. This is in the old Oxfordshire market town of Faringdon – beneath the Uffington White Horse. He remained here until his retirement in 2007. Then he moved to Newton Abbot in Devon.

His practice was computerised in 2002 and had a website by 2005 –

Friday 18 July 2003

A regular Thursday was about to become irregular. Dr Warner was at the surgery when it opened at 08:30. Within a few minutes a Thames Valley Police (TVP) car arrived. Two TVP officers had come to talk to David Kelly’s GP – Dr Malcolm Warner. Details of this are here – item 45 on page 21 -

They explained that David Kelly was missing.

They wanted to know if he needed any drugs etc. Was he diabetic, epileptic or had any other critical illnesses?

The answer was no.

As they were about to leave, news came across the radio that a body had been found. This was at about 09:00. They told Dr Warner of this find – in confidence.

As they went to leave, staff of Operation Mason called them. This was the TVP operation set up to look for David Kelly. Would Dr Warner be prepared to identify the body found on Harrowdown Hill?

A family member would often be asked to identify a body. This didn’t seem an appropriate option on this occasion. Otherwise, a person of some standing in the community who knew the deceased – a vicar, doctor or similar. David Kelly didn’t attend the Church so his GP was an obvious choice.

Whilst DC Coe had little doubt that the body was that of David Kelly, an independent identification was necessary. The more so because of David Kelly’s VIP status.

David Kelly's body as found by the Searchers at 08:45

Dr Warner had a fair workload that morning. He asked the surgery staff to do their best to rearrange his work while he went with the police. By 09:15 Dr Warner had arrived at Harrowdown Hill.

Dr Warner was driven to Harrowdown Hill copse. One of DC Coe’s trio led him to the body. Dr Warner agreed that this was Dr David Kelly. However, he couldn’t examine him properly as he was slumped up against the tree.

My medical colleagues assure me that doctors are trained, from day one, to examine patients in a specific way. Dr Warner had been doing this for 30 years. They need the patient to be almost flat save for a pillow or similar. They will examine the patient from the patient’s right-hand side. Even left-handed doctors are trained so.

David Kelly's body as found by the Paramedics at 10:00

Thus, Dr Warner asked one of the Coe trio help him move the body onto flat ground; this was done and the body ended up clear of the tree by about 18″.

Then he could check the pupils, feel for a carotid artery pulse, look for any signs of breathing and listen to his chest, with a stethoscope, for any sounds of breathing or heartbeats. As a matter of routine, he picked up the right arm to feel for a radial pulse. There was none and with great care and sadness he put the right arm down across the chest.

He noticed that the body was cool but there was no rigor mortis.

There were obvious incisions at the left wrist surrounded by some blood.

He told the Coe trio that the body was that of his patient Dr David Kelly – and he that he was dead. DC Coe and his fellow officers thanked Dr Warner for his time.

He was driven back to his surgery as quickly as he came.

Another Doctor

As Dr Warner was about to leave David Kelly’s body, another doctor arrived on the scene. I will explain this in Chapter 12. Suffice it to say that the second Dr – lets call him Dr LT – briefly discussed the condition of David Kelly’s body with Dr Warner before they departed.

The account above - Dr Warner

Much of my account above of Dr Warner’s conduct is speculative.

But – there are reasons for these conclusions:

  • We know that TVP officers called on Dr Warner to find out about his medical needs.
  • This could only have happened when it was assumed David Kelly was alive. The information was irrelevant if he had died.
  • Dr Warner’s surgery opened at 08;30. The body was found at 08:45.
  • The TVP officers were at or near Dr Warner when they heard that a body had been found.
  • Dr Warner was the obvious choice to provide an independent identification – as well as certifying death.
  • It is clear that someone moved David Kelly’s body. It was reported by both the searchers to be slumped against the tree. When the paramedics arrived it was flat and well clear of the tree.
  • Both Dr Hunt, the pathologist, and PC Sawyer described how David Kelly’s jean bottoms were pulled upwards.
  • Moving David Kelly’s body from a position slumped up against a tree to a clear flat position is entirely reasonable if a doctor wanted to examine the person properly.

Mr Robert Jackson MP

In 2003 Robert Jackson was the Conservative MP for Wantage, Oxfordshire, and had been for 20 years.

He lived in Southmoor – less than a mile from the Kelly family. Mr Jackson knew Mrs Kelly and had met David Kelly briefly.

After David Kelly’s death, he received various messages – mostly covert – about his late constituent – David Kelly. These were to the effect that things were not as they seemed – and his death should be looked into.

But, he didn’t know what to make of these messages. They could have been political propaganda directed against the then Prime Minister – Tony Blair. He didn’t follow up any of these messages – but remained concerned about the matter.

A month or so after David Kelly’s death he went to see his GP – Dr Malcolm Warner – about a routine medical matter. In light of his concerns and in the midst of the consultation he asked Dr Warner if he had an opinion about David Kelly’s death.

Dr Warner responded by saying that indeed he did - he had been to see his body on Harrowdown Hill. There was no doubt that he had slashed wrists and it looked like an obvious suicide.

Mr Jackson didn’t doubt this account and took it as clear primary evidence of the facts. An account of this meeting was later reported in the press in March 2011.

Dr Warner no doubt gave this account to Mr Jackson as consistent with the “official version”.

I believe that Dr Warner knew of a different version of events - from his encounter with Dr LT.

But he wasn’t prepared to share this alternative version with Mr Jackson.

Thus Robert Jackson left Dr Warner’s surgery reassured about the cause of David Kelly’s death.

Finally – it is possible that Dr Warner had breached some esoteric aspect of patient confidentiality. He may have been back-pedalling from this.


I wrote to and spoke to Robert Jackson concerning this issue. His account is just as I described it above and he is no doubt that Dr Warner went to see David Kelly’s body on Harrowdown Hill.

I have also written to and spoken to Dr Malcolm Warner. Dr Warner completely contradicts Robert Jackson’s account. He denies having been to Harrowdown Hill.

His final comment is – as it has always been to me and others –

“this accords with my evidence to the Hutton inquiry.”

He was very reluctant, as opposed to being very open, to discuss this matter at all. He always resorted to referring to his evidence at the HI as the end of the matter.

But it’s almost the beginning of a matter – because Dr Warner’s “evidence” to the HI stands out like a flashing red light.

Dr Warner – Anomalies

  1. There is a clear report - given by Robert Jackson MP – that Dr Warner saw David Kelly’s body on Harrowdown Hill.
  2. Dr Warner has often referred to his account* of events at the Hutton Inquiry (HI) as his final words on the matter.

Dr Warner’s Account* at HI

* Statements made at the HI were not under oath and I prefer the term account as opposed to evidence or testimony. These words convey a sense of legality that is misleading.

  • His Name - The first anomaly is his answer to the first Question

    Q: MR KNOX: Dr Warner, can you tell the Inquiry your full name?
    Like every other attendee at the HI he should have given his full name as –

    “Malcolm David Warner”

    But no, as though reading from a script, he says –

    A: Dr WARNER: I am Dr Malcolm Warner.

    He failed to give his full name and gave his shortened name plus his title. I wonder if he was reading from a prepared script?
  • His Answers - Dr Warner was David Kelly’s GP for many years - also GP to the other four members of the Kelly family. He was in a perfect position to answer a myriad questions about David Kelly and his family.

    Instead Dr Hawton – the psychiatrist, answered these questions - after a fashion. Dr Hawton seems to have been imported and spent time with the Kelly family getting to know them and the late David Kelly.

    Dr Hawton then answered many questions about the Kelly family and David Kelly – although he had never met him. He seemed to be acting as a posthumous locum GP.

    Dr Warner could have answered most of these questions – but he did not.

    A most remarkable feature of Dr Warner’s answers is their amazing brevity. The total number of words spoken by Dr Warner amounted to just 74!

    Dr Hawton’s answers ran to 6,639 words – 90 times as much as Dr Warner had to say.

    My immediate reaction to this is that Dr Warner didn’t want to be at the HI. He went under some duress, answered a minimal number of agreed questions and left. A token appearance.

    The absurd brevity of his answers doesn’t give his appearance any credibility. For all practical purposes he may as well have stayed in Faringdon.
  • Analysis of his Answers - I am greatly indebted to a scientific colleague and friend. He wrote a computer programme that analysed in detail the whole of the text of the HI Transcripts that can be found here –

This amounted to just over 860,000 words in total. Of these Dr Warner contributed 74.

The vertical bar on the extreme left has a value of four and represents the average length of Dr Warner’s answers compared to everyone else’s.

One witness managed to average 79 words per answer (Terence Taylor – a defence expert).

If we look at everyone’s answers we find that the average length of an answer was 33 words.

Dr Warner’s answers averaged just four words per answer – hardly an intelligent sentence.

Graph of average number of words per individual
answer for each attendee

Statistically Dr Warner’s answers were very, very out of the ordinary.

If we look at the total words in each person’s answers we get the following graph.

Graph of total words in all answers per attendee

The average number of words per witness for all the their answers was 4,970.

Dr Warner’s answer ran to a total of 74 – it is on the absolute extreme left of the graph. It is so little it that it can’t be shown on this graph.

The bar on the extreme left shows the total number of words spoken by Dr Warner. The least of all the 78 witnesses. The bar to the right of Dr Warner’s are some brief technical questions to the HI’s Secretary.

Dr Warner’s answers were very abnormal and very atypical.

Intuitively, I don’t think he wanted to be at the HI. The extraordinary paucity of his account – 74 words – seems entirely consistent with this.

I think that he may be an example of a witness who didn’t want to attend. But did attend as a result of some duress – many forms of which could be applied to a family GP.

Why wouldn’t he want to attend the HI? I can explain this in Chapter 12.

Graph of total words in ten shortest answers

3. Examination of Evidence submitted to the Inquiry by TVP – Statements

This is a list of statements made to TVP. The list was released in 2011. We know that it has a significant number of missing statements eg Tucks Lane resident, amongst many others. It is here –

The list contains 265 documents of which 200 are covert; the remaining 65 are available to the public – just 25% of the total.

Twenty-five confidential statements involve medical correspondence about David Kelly and Dr Warner – mostly in respect of medical letters – dating from 1979 to 1996.

The statements are recorded by Volume and Page Numbers. Thus TVP/4/0016-18 – would be a document in Volume 4 and on Pages 16 to 18 inclusive.

In TVP’s Volume 1, Dr Warner was the seventh person (out of more than 200) to have given a statement to TVP – on page 39.

The eighth person was David Bartlett, one of the paramedics, and the ninth person was Vanessa Hunt, the other paramedic.

Both paramedics were sent to Harrowdown Hill.

It is strange that Dr Warner, who denies having been to Harrowdown Hill, has given a statement to TVP that is filed immediately before those of the two paramedics who did go to Harrowdown Hill.

TVP Volume 1:

Witness statement: David Malcolm Warner - not for release - personal witness statement TVP/1/0039
Witness statement: David Ian Bartlett - not for release - personal witness statement TVP/1/0040 - 0041
Witness statement: Vanessa Elizabeth Hunt - not for release - personal witness statement TVP/1/0042 – 0045

On the 28th July – ten days after David Kelly’s death - Ruth Rees, a Coroner’s Officer in Oxford, wrote to Dr Warner. He replied on the 4th August. This may well have been routine correspondence – but it is not made public because it is classed as “Police operational information”; perhaps it wasn’t routine correspondence after all.

TVP Volume 10:

Letter: Dr Malcolm Warner / Coroner's Officer 04.08.03 - not for release - Police operational information TVP/10/0123
Letter: Ruth Rees (coroner's officer) / Dr M Warner 28.07.03 - not for release - Police operational information TVP/10/0124


  1. We have a clear statement from Robert Jackson MP that Dr Warner told him that he had been to see David Kelly’s body.
  2. We have a great deal of circumstantial evidence to support Robert Jackson’s statement.
  3. Dr Warner now denies having any involvement with David Kelly’s body on Harrowdown Hill.
  4. Dr Warner, when pressed for information, simply says, “this accords with my evidence to the Hutton inquiry”.
  5. Yet his account at the HI is manifestly very atypical, very abnormal.
  6. I think I may be able to explain this anomaly in Chapter 12.

Dr David Kelly

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Monday, 11 December 2017

The Paramedic Team

The Paramedics

Vanessa Hunt and David Bartlett received a call, at about 09:40, to go to Longworth – to the end of Tucks Lane. They were a very experienced crew and had seen most sorts of human mishaps that you could imagine. I interviewed them several times; they told me a great deal of detail about their visit – which was very important detail.

Vanessa Hunt and David Bartlett
This information would have been uncovered by detailed, rigorous questioning by a lawyer. But – at the Hutton Inquiry that sort of activity didn’t seem to happen; indeed the very opposite seem commonplace. When an interesting, and perhaps unforeseen, matter arose the legal questioning simply went off in another direction.

Vanessa Hunt said that it was clear to her that, at the Hutton Inquiry, Lord Hutton “wanted me out of there as fast as possible”.

En route to Longworth they were given the code call “Kilo one” – this means “someone thought to be dead – but not yet proven”.

Given the rural location they expected to find a hanging or a shooting.

They arrived at the end of Tuck’s Lane at 09:55. There were police vans and a lot of policemen on site - completely beyond normal experience or expectations.

There were uniformed officers, CID officers and much to their surprise there were officers clad in black only – that they recognised as members of the Armed Response Unit. In all some 30–40 officers.

They had assumed they were attending a routine call-out. However, it was very clear that they had arrived at a totally exceptional event - they wondered what on earth they were going to find.

A police sergeant who met them wouldn’t let them take the ambulance any further.
They recalled his name very clearly; he answered his radio with the name Dad; later they found out that this was Dadd – Sergeant Alan Dadd.

They collected all they could carry and walked almost half a mile to the copse on Harrowdown Hill. The sergeant turned sharp left and walked up into the copse – between branches and bushes. Here they saw David Kelly’s body flat on its back with his head some 18″ from a tree trunk.

Vanessa Hunt told me that the body had been left unattended. She had never been lead to a body that had no police officer looking after it. In her experience this was unique – yet there were well over 30 police officers on the site.

David Bartlett’s reaction to the scene was that it looked as though David Kelly’s body had fallen out of the tree; as though an attempted suicide by hanging had gone wrong.

A very odd scene

I describe events as told to me by Vanessa Hunt & David Bartlett.

They knew immediately that things were not right.

David Kelly’s body, above as found by the searchers,
below as found by the paramedics

  • First - there was no police officer with the body – it was quite unattended when they arrived.
  • Second – no taped, protected pathway had been set up – they just had to follow Sergeant Dadd as he found his way to the body.
  • Third – why was an apparent suicide was not sat against the tree trunk? It seemed the obvious position to find the body. They asked “has he fallen out of the tree” in an attempted hanging?
  • Fourth – there was a water bottle, standing upright, a watch and knife neatly put in line up on the left side of the body. Assuming that the deceased was right handed (which he was), they would have expected these to be put to his right hand side.
  • Fifth – as they arrived two police officers walked up behind then. These were presumably PCs Franklin and Sawyer.

    At the HI, these officers describe a different account – namely that they arrived first and the paramedics arrived two minutes later. Vanessa Hunt is clear that they were there first.

    Vanessa Hunt then prepared to perform an ECG recording but PC Sawyer wanted to take photographs first.
  • Sixth – an ordinary PC took the photographs with what seemed to be a personal camera. She would have expected a Scenes of Crime Officer (SOCO) to do these.

    When allowed, Vanessa Hunt unbuttoned David Kelly’s shirt and applied four ECG electrodes to his chest. The recording was of a dead heart – a flat line.

    However, Vanessa Hunt had trouble applying one of the ECG electrodes on the right-hand side of the chest.
  • David Kelly’s right arm was lying on his chest and had well-developed rigor mortis. This is perfectly normal for a body that has been dead for some time. She had to work her way around the rigid right arm to get the electrodes in the correct position.
  • One of the first things that David Bartlett commented on to me when I met him were the two striking and unusual brown marks on David Kelly’s face.

    He said that it simply couldn’t be vomit because it was so symmetrical; vomit would have run over from one side of the mouth or other – but not both.

    He mentioned this at the Hutton Inquiry. The Questions & Answers went thus –

    Q. What about the face? Did you notice anything about the face?
    A. Yes, going from the corners of the mouth were two stains, one slightly longer than the other.

    Q. Where did the stains go to from the mouth?
    A. Towards the bottom of the ears.

    Q. Did you check for a pulse?

    The last question was the typical of the Hutton Inquiry – a quick side step when an unplanned issue arose.
  • Vanessa Hunt had to get down on her knees to put the ECG electrodes onto David Kelly’s chest.

    She too saw the brown marks on the face of David Kelly. They ran from the corners of his mouth to below his ears. They were so obvious and unusual that Vanessa Hunt wondered if David Kelly had had a gag wrapped around his neck and across his mouth.

Brown Marks on Face

It is very clear that both Vanessa Hunt and David Bartlett considered the two brown marks on David Kelly’s bearded face very distinctive and unusual.

I can explain these significant observations later – and they are very important.

PC Martyn Sawyer

In response to a question, at the Hutton Inquiry, about David Kelly’s clothing PC Sawyer said –

“His jeans -- he was wearing jeans, they were pulled up slightly, exposing the lower half of his leg or his ankle. It looked as if he had slid down and his trousers had ridden up.”

Dr Hunt – pathologist

It is worth adding here Dr Hunt’s observations of David Kelly’s trousers –

“The left leg of the jeans was pulled up to approximately mid-calf level. The right leg was pulled up to just above the ankle”

These observation fit exactly the effect of moving David Kelly’s away from the tree.

Sergeant Allan DADD

The TVP search team assembled at Abingdon Police Station was lead by PC Martyn Sawyer accompanied by PC Franklin.

They had arrived at the Harrowdown Hill area a little before the paramedics arrived.

The paramedics were met and escorted to and from David Kelly’s body by a Sergeant - Sergeant Allan Dadd.

It is strange that at the Hutton Inquiry it is said that PC Sawyer led the search team. But the paramedics sensed that Sergeant Dadd was in control of the site.

Sergeant Dadd, PC Sawyer and PC Franklin were all embers of the Thames Valley Police Support Team based at Windsor Great Park.

Sergeant Dadd lived in Winnersh – a suburb of Reading – about 5 miles east of Reading town centre.

What was a TVP Sergeant from Reading doing on Harrowdown Hill that morning?

We don’t know - all we know is that he didn’t contribute to the Hutton Inquiry yet was present at Harrowdown Hill in a position of some seniority.

Dr David Kelly

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Friday, 24 November 2017

The search for Dr David KELLY

Three search teams were involved –

  1. Helicopter Team – who did two searches
  2. Ground humans, two + dog
  3. TVP team – deployed only after David KELLY’S body had been found.

Team 3 was put into the field about an hour after David Kelly’s body was found.

In this Chapter I will describe how the search for David Kelly happened.

A Report

Sian Kelly reported David Kelly as overdue at 23:45. This despite the fact that he should have been home from a short walk by 16:00 at the latest, according to Jan & Rachael Kelly. Three officers from TVP’s Abingdon Station appeared promptly at midnight.

Sergeant Simon Morris led this group. He requested that TVP’s helicopter be sent up to search the immediate locality. They would use their very sensitive infra-red thermal heat detection camera to look for a person or body.

The TVP Helicopter Search Team

Opposite is the Eurocopter EC135 T2+ registration G-CPSH (abbreviated call sign Golf-Sierra-Hotel) that conducted the searches.

At the lower front is a dark pod. It’s a LEO-2 thermal-imaging camera made by FLIR Systems Inc. It was a state of the art camera system that was exquisitely sensitive to body heat. The camera can’t always see through damp tree leaves for example – but it will see through the gaps in a leaf canopy as the camera moves overhead.

The first search by G-CPSH was diverted from an exiting task and arrived over Southmoor at 02:20 – local, BST time.

The flight log records this as 03:20 – but all UK flights are logged in UTC/GMT time; this was summer time so local time was an hour ahead of UTC. G-CPSH searched for 00:45 before returning to RAF Benson to re-fuel.

The second search started at 03:35 and lasted 00:40.

The crew of G-CPSH would usually comprise a pilot, a camera operator and at least an observer officer or two.

Body not found

The search area was relatively small – a rectangle from Southmoor to the Thames, downstream to Newbridge and back to Kingston Bagpuize – see map, right. An area of barely 3 square miles – that included Harrowdown Hill. Given this, it is clear that a total flight time of 85 minutes would have enabled a very thorough search.

Much of this ground is open-fields that could have been scanned very rapidly. They would have seen rabbits, hares, deer, cattle, cats and dogs as a matter of routine. Finding a warm human body would be a very easy target – even under some sort of cover.

They would have concentrated their search on these areas of leaf canopy – trees, bracken, copses etc.

But - both Search Logs are listed as – “Confirmed Clear”.

G-CPSH made another flight later in the day – from RAF Benson to Harrowdown Hill to take aerial photographs and videos of the site. It was overhead for 00:20 and landed briefly for 00:05.

At the foot of that Flight Log is an intriguing note –

“Helitele tested with Abingdon silver suite as passing Abingdon. A/O.”

“Helitele” is a slang word for the LEO-2 camera – or any other helicopter born aerial camera. It is derived from a very early camera system called Marconi Heli-Tele. The abbreviation “A/O” reads as “All OK”.

G-CPSH did a very careful search of the area where David Kelly’s body was found evidence of a person or recently dead body.

They declared the area was - “Confirmed Clear”. 

Camera Check

In view of the fact that David Kelly’s body was found on Harrowdown Hill – the crew of G-CPSH ran a test on their FLIR LEO-2 camera later at Abingdon and found it was working perfectly – and logged it as “All OK”.

The obvious conclusion that has to be drawn is that David Kelly’s body wasn’t on Harrowdown Hill when G-CPSH searched the area – up to 04:15.

His body arrived there sometime after 04:15.

TVP’s Helicopter Search Team and the Hutton Inquiry

This search team was a complete master at the art of finding warm bodies from the air. They made two comprehensive searches of the area – including Harrowdown Hill and found no body.

They would have seen cats, dogs, foxes, badgers, rabbits, etc.

If there was a warm body they would have found it.

Despite their findings and expertise they were not wanted at the Hutton Inquiry – their findings would not “fit” with their projected account of events.

TVP’s “Operation Mason”

Once TVP had committed to take David Kelly’s overdue walk seriously – a specific project was set up. This was “Operation Mason”. The name “Mason” was simply taken off an alphabetical list of project names; a routine procedure.

Detective Chief Inspector Alan Young headed it. The operation was started with a retrospective time of 14:30 on Thursday the 17th; this was simply the time when David Kelly was, without doubt, last seen. It ended at 09:30 on the 18th – a total of 19 hours.

Two Police Forces and a Collision

As I said in Chapter 1, I believe David Kelly died 40 miles away – a fact known to some parts of TVP and other agencies. This part of TVP was now involved in a complex cover-up.

At Abingdon, however, TVP were treating David Kelly as a missing person and doing things by the book.

At some point, however, these two disparate operations would collide. Detective Chief Inspector Alan Young, Sergeant Simon Morris and their colleagues – functioning as regular TVP - would soon realise that some very irregular police activity was happening – that was quite outside of their control.

It is astonishing that DCI Alan Young who headed Operation Mason made no appearance at the Hutton Inquiry (HI); neither did Sergeant Simon Morris.

I said in Chapter 1 that I believed there were four classes of “witnesses” –

  1. Those requested by Lord Hutton – who accepted his invitation
  2. Those requested by Lord Hutton – who declined his invitation
  3. Those requested by Lord Hutton - who declined his invitation – but were then pressurised to accept
  4. Those not requested and not wanted by Lord Hutton – but who should have given evidence.
I suspect that DCI Alan Young and Sergeant Simon Morris were in class 2 – as were many others.

The Dog Search Team

Louise Holmes and Paul Chapman
The dog search team was, I believe, the fifth and last team to be deployed by TVP that night – as part of their cover-up.

It cannot be emphasised too much that this was, apart from the helicopter team, the one and only search team actually deployed by TVP.

TVP’s own search team was being assembled at Abingdon and arrived at Harrowdown Hill over an hour after David Kelly’s body was found.

The dog search team was, unlike the other four teams, a civilian resource recruited to help TVP.

Louise Holmes and Paul Chapman were awoken early that morning. They were members of the Berkshire Lowland Search and Rescue team (SEBEV).

In the search for David Kelly only one search team was actually put on the ground by TVP – this was it.

Search Path

David Kelly could easily have walked anywhere within, at the minimum, 25 square miles of his home.

But - this team was tasked with searching a single short footpath. It was three quarters of a mile long – and took them within yards of his body.

They were clearly set up to find his body.

In other words, someone in TVP knew where the body was.

The Searcher’s followed the red
path. The red chevron marks David
Kelly’s body. The blue arrow
shows the wind direction; lower
red star is Westfield.
The very expert helicopter team hadn’t found a body - up to 04:15 of that night.

TVP’s own search team, led by PC Jonathan Sawyer, was still at TVP’s Abingdon station when David Kelly’s body was found.

They were woken up at about 5am and agreed to take part in the search request in Oxfordshire – over 40 miles - well away from their base and outside of their normal area.

Louise drove them to Abingdon Police station – arriving at about 7:15/30am.

Here SEBEV’s Control Manager and TVP officers briefed them. They were given copies of local maps and a photo of David Kelly.

They were told to go to the end of Common Lane (=Tucks Lane) in Longworth (upper red star on map). Then to search the footpath to the River Thames. This was about three-quarters of a mile away.

The Search Task

The footpath ran right past the east-side of the copse on Harrowdown Hill.

They were bound to pass within yards of David Kelly’s body.

They started from South to North with a wind from behind them.

The hill is a “plug” of Lower Corallian Silt – a form of limestone – in an area of softer Oxford Clay – part of the archaic River Thames flood plain. It is one of several similar minor hills along the line of the Thames in this area. It is 325ft above sea level and some 60ft above adjacent fields. The top of the hill is covered in a copse of deciduous trees.

They walked the footpath and climbed up into the south part of the Copse. They explored the south side of the copse. They were held back from further exploration by a wire fence running west to east.

It is likely that they came within a few yards of David Kelly’s body in this search of the south part. But – the wind was blowing through the copse and away from them.

They then walked back down to the footpath and went on towards the River Thames (B on map). Here they found a boat moored up to the bank.

They chatted to the three or four people on the boat. The boat people said that they had heard the helicopter that night. But - they had no knowledge of the missing David Kelly. They also mention the sight of police officers in the field earlier on – see below.

Louise Holmes, Paul Chapman and Brock then turned around heading back south into a south-west breeze.

A body

As they walked south they would cross the breeze coming through and down from the Copse on Harrowdown Hill. At this point Brock, the search dog – right -should pick up the scent of David Kelly – and that is just what he did. He ran off into the copse. Louise Holmes followed into the copse and she saw a body slumped against the bottom of a tree.

She got to within a few feet of the body. She recognised it as that of Dr Kelly – from the photograph she had.

At the Inquiry she said –

  • he was at the base of the tree with almost his head and his shoulders just slumped back against the tree
  • his legs were straight in front of him
  • his right arm was to the side of him 
  • his left arm had a lot of blood on it and was bent back in a funny position 
  • she had no doubt that he was dead

She also said - about Mr Chapman - that he was further back than she was. He stayed back to telephone Abingdon control.

Paul Chapman described the scene at the Inquiry –

  • he was sitting with his back up against a tree and 
  • there was an obvious injury to his left arm
  • it was all covered in blood

Position of David Kelly’s Body

The position of David Kelly’s body became contentious. The searchers gave a clear account of one position.

Later, the paramedics and others gave a very different account.

Why did the body move; who moved it; why is it not explained?

Lord Brian Hutton, however, chooses to fudge and ignore the issues that arose.

The issue of the position of the body will be dealt with separately.

I believe that the change in the position of the body can now be explained.

And it is of immense importance.

Time of Finding Body

This critical matter seems clouded in mystery and isn’t even raised by Lord Brian Hutton. 09:20 is often given as the time the body was found.

However, modelling the search path described, starting at 08:00, I and other scientist colleagues, estimate that 08:45 is a more probable time.

In fact Paul Chapman’s first statement to a TVP officer that morning (shown in the Hutton Inquiry Publication) is timed at 09:15 – so 09:20 is clearly wrong.

Reporting the find of David Kelly’s body

Once Brock and Louise Holmes had found David Kelly’s body, Paul Chapman stepped back clear of the copse and telephoned Abingdon control; but he couldn’t get a reply. He rang 999, explained the situation, asked that they contact Abingdon and ask that they be called. This took a few minutes. Abingdon police station rang him and he reported their find.

They then walked back to Louise’s car – getting there at about 09:00.

The paramedics told me that Louise Holmes was very upset at finding a body while Paul Chapman was deliriously elated.

Out of the Blue – Three TVP Officers

To their surprise, a little later, at about 08:55, they met three Criminal Investigation Department (CID) police officers walking towards them.

Both the searchers state, without doubt, that there were three officers.

One was DC Coe (Graham Coe), another DC Shields (Colin Shields) and a “third man”; this third man’s identity has never been convincingly explained; despite Michael Page’s explanation at the HI.

A local resident of Tucks Lane, Longworth, observed this meeting. He had taken his dog for a walk at about 08:30. Sometime later, he saw the meeting of the two searchers and their dog with the three policemen; he also saw one car (that of Louise Holmes). He assumed that the three policemen must have arrived on foot.

His wife joined him at this time.

Much later on they saw a “hoard” of TVP officers arrive on site. Some were then tasked to perform a finger–tip search of the pathways and road.

Subsequently both he and his wife gave detailed statements to TVP. Neither of these is recorded in the Account of Evidence submitted to the Inquiry by Thames Valley Police –

Yet these were local residents who had seen significant events unfold.

Just how many similar undeclared statements there are isn’t known.

DC Coe and colleagues

DC Coe was instructed to –

“Go and make house to house inquiries in the area where Dr Kelly lived.”

His first, and only, house to house visit was to a house opposite the Kelly’s home. Here he met Mrs Ruth Absalom a solitary widow. She said she had met David Kelly on a walk the day before. DC Coe duly recorded this.

He should have then moved on to other neighbours to collect as much information as he could.

However, he didn’t do any further inquiries, but instead went to “the area where Mrs Absalom met David Kelly”.

This seems a dereliction of duties – going off-task to pursue his own objective.

He led the TVP trio to the site of Mrs Absalom’s meeting. Then they then walked through Longworth village and down Tuck’s Lane to the open fields and, in the near distance, Harrowdown Hill. Yet at the HI, Mrs Absalom gave the impression that David Kelly had walked away from Harrowdown Hill. This walk would have taken about half an hour – assuming they were on foot.

As soon as they arrived at the end of Tuck’s Lane they saw Louise Holmes’ car, the two searchers and their dog in the field. They introduced themselves to the searchers.

The searchers explained their find of a body. Paul Chapman led DC Coe to the copse on Harrowdown Hill and showed him David Kelly’s body. My estimate is that DC Coe saw the body at about 09:05. Paul Chapman took the lead at this time because Louise Holmes was very upset at her find.

At this time DC Coe was de facto in charge of the crime scene until the TVP search party, being assembled at Abingdon, arrived.

A Silent Hour

DC Graham Coe was in charge of David Kelly’s body and the crime scene for about an hour from 09:00. Yet, we know nothing about any events in this hour. The TVP trio had arrived on foot and had no significant equipment with them.

Why they arrived at Harrowdown Hill hasn’t been explained; nor has the presence of the “third officer”.

We do know that David Kelly’s body was slumped against a tree trunk at 08:45 – as clearly described by the searchers.

When the paramedics arrived at 09:50 his body was flat on its back and 18″ clear of the tree trunk.

DC Coe can offer no explanation for this save for saying that the body was always flat on its back.

In this Silent Hour two crucial events occurred – of which nothing has been previously said.

It will take two chapters to explain these profoundly important events.

Dr David Kelly

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